Open Access Digital Publishing Platform

Open Access Digital Publishing Platform

Time for India's own open-access digital publishing platform?

Knowledge sharing is the key to research in academia, and scientific journals play a crucial role in that. It started with noble intentions and sponsorships from various learned societies almost 400 years ago. Then in the 1950s, Robert Maxwell turned scientific journals into a money-making instrument. Presently the academic publishing industry functions in a concentrated market filled with big players and driven by revenue. Elsevier, one of the biggest publication houses, earned aprofit margin of more than 35% higher than tech giants like Apple and Microsoft. The success of their business model hinges on the prosumer nature of the researcher. Even though technological advancements have shifted the industry to adopt the digital format, most knowledge is still paywalled. Initiatives likeBudapest Open Access Initiative, stresses self-archiving and open-access. The extortionatelyhigh article processing fee (APC) charged by publishing groups for open-access publication beats the purpose of equity and inclusivity. Academic communities in transitioning economies like India also face the added challenge of scattered community involvement in the peer-review process, which combined with theUS effect, breeds inequity.

Advancements in open-access practices have fuelled innovative approaches, especially in Latin America.Non-commercial models to scholarly communication like the Latin American Council of Social Sciences (CLACSO) and Redalyc have emerged. They successfully function with decentralised electronic publishing platforms, no APCs, open-access repositories, and not for profit indexing services. On a similar adaptability approach, African Journals OnLine (AJOL) and Nepal Journals Online (NepJOL) also function in open-access mode.

Viewing the increasing acceptability and advocacy of open access, some dominant and young academic publishers such asF1000Research,eLife,Gates Open Research, etc. have also made subtle shifts in their operating model. Concepts like an open peer-review system removes the opaqueness of the peer-review by publishing the reviewer comments along with the manuscript. Preprint open-access repositories like bioRxiv, engrXiv, SocArXiv, etc., are also steering the changes in online paper archiving models.

Technological progression and open-access advocacy have trickled down to compel the publishing industry to evolve its business models and practices. Still, this hasn’t changed the management of peer-reviewed academic journals. Non-profit initiatives such as Public Knowledge Project, supported by Stanford University, the Simon Fraser University Library and various other development partners, have focused on strategizing and developing open software solutions to improve the online environment for better management, publication, and indexing of journals.

Indian academia, as a result of access and equity challenges, is falling prey to predatory publishing. Recognition biases coalesced with financial and infrastructure constraints prevent researchers from publishing in high-quality journals. TheUGC mandate of one compulsory publication as a pre-condition to PhD also fuels predatory publishing. This calls for the development of a digital open-access environment with minimal (funded by the research project) to no-APCs. There is already a precedent, the Open Research Europe by the European Commission. This platform encourages quick but quality open-peer-reviewed publications for research across all subject areas, stemming from Horizon 2020 funding.

India has many opportunities to leverage from its own digital publishing platform. The country is currently positioned third in the world in scientific publication with a 12.9% growth rate in scientific publications. India’s digital expertise at both individual and corporate levels is also well acknowledged. Only a few Tier 1 public sector universities at present can afford to make scholarly publication accessible to researchers. A potential solution discussed is One Nation, One Subscription (ONOS). But it will call for huge investments every year without addressing core issues like improving the quality of Indian research, more practical research evaluation matrices, and monetisation of public-funded research output by a few corporate publishers. Against this backdrop, a digital publishing platform will address access issues of publicly funded research in India. It can create a vibrant community of researchers enabling scholarly knowledge sharing and communication. Further, a digital publishing platform with a very firm stand on quality publication not only holds promises to provide fair and open-access avenues for Indian (and the rest of the world) researchers to publish, but associated analytics such as views, download, social media presence, etc. of a published article. This can open up new possibilities to judge the impact of research not based on the impact factor of a journal but the real impact of the said work.

Innovation Challenge to build an AI powered pre-print and publishing platform

Background

Currently, the scientific publishing system faces the problem of access and equity. Commercial publishing houses charge exorbitantly high article processing and subscription charges. Even though most of the research published is publicly funded and digital interventions have substantially reduced the processing costs, most of the scholarly knowledge still resides behind paywalls, not only for the general public but also for researchers generating academic content. The exclusion of the global south perspective and increase in the number of predatory journals have also escalated the debate on the knowledge-quality and effectiveness of the current process of knowledge creation and dissemination. 

The recently released draft UNESCO Open Science recommendations advocates for open access to scientific publication, unrestricted distribution, interoperability and long-term digital préservation and archiving.The draft of the 5th STI policy India also promotes open access to publicly funded research output.

With the belief that knowledge is a public good and must be accessible without barriers, we propose an open-access publication platform. One of the primary goals of this platform will be to foster unhindered access to scholarly publications, primarily through digital technologies. Working on the recommendations of various stakeholders, the idea is to build a robust digital platform that is transparent, efficient, cost-effective, and addresses the mainstream problems faced by both the scholars and editors.

Problem/Opportunity

The problem is one of access and equity. Access relates to both access to read and access to publish. A bulk of material is behind paywalls. Open Access publication is prohibitively expensive. Community involvement is scattered and peer review is difficult to find. Metric bases are cherry-picked by corporate interests, like impact factor, h-index, etc., and promoted in a way that it benefits those who are already at the top of the food chain (western, first world scholarship).

There is an opportunity to build a pre-print archive and an open national research publishing platform that solves the problems of access and equity. There are possibilities to attribute matrices on each article based on pragmatic research evaluation criteria that suit the needs of Indian funding agencies. This will encourage research that address the local challenges which usually are overlooked by the international community and benefit in one or more of the components of research content, namely:

Title, Abstract, Affiliation, Keywords, Bibliography.

Additional opportunities are available: A pragmatic approach to a publishing model that is digital first with an option to print, when and if needed, can leapfrog the platform ahead of all prior art.  

Challenge statement

Develop an automated, AI-powered digital open-access publication platform for accessible, equitable, and efficient dissemination of knowledge in academia.

Young Scientists Learning Open Science

Young Scientists Learning Open Science

Young Scientists Learning Open Science

25 November 2021 at  3.30 pm to 5.30 pm (IST)
Abstract

DST-CPR-IISc is happy to invite you for a digital conversation on “Young Scientists Learning Open Science”. This event is jointly organised by the Participatory Research in Asia (PRIA), DST Centre for Policy Research, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, the UNESCO Chair in Community-Based Research and Social Responsibility in Higher Education, and DBT/Wellcome Trust India Alliance to discuss the implications of the UNESCO Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers, the UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science, Science with & for society, and the Government of India’s STI Policy, with the special focus on:

1. Responsible Research and Innovation

2. Public engagement

3. Science communication

4. Inclusion of multiple epistemologies and experiential knowledge in scientific research

5. Ethical issues in open source publications, field research and Indigenous protocols

The pandemic for the past two years has brought the roles of science, scientists, and scientific research institutions into public debate. It has created a context where connections between science and society are needed to be anchored on a new framework of openness and mutuality.

As the policy brief of Open Science Beyond Open Access observes “There are three main dimensions of scientific openness: openness to publications and data, openness to society, and openness to excluded knowledge and epistemologies.” The final draft of the UNESCO Open Science Recommendation, which also incorporates these expanded meanings of ‘open science’, has now been adopted by the Member States this month in Paris. Similar ideas are adopted in the final draft of the 5th National Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI) Policy of the Government of India. The Scientific Social Responsibility (SSR) policy of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, already makes mention of the need for engaging with diverse stakeholders to improve the impacts of science on society.

Likewise, the UNESCO Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers adopted in 2017 has particular value today, especially in the Global South, in recognising the role of science in promoting “common good” and in emphasising the use of results of scientific research and development with a spirit of responsibility towards humankind and the environment.

Such testimonials create a space for science and technology systems and institutions to change and become more “open”. New conversations among scientists, science communicators, scientific researchers and civil society have begun to emerge as the need for a robust ecosystem to make science work with and for society is becoming more apparent. The experiences of the pandemic have also generated more significant public discourse about the accountability of science to society. In many regions of the world, new ways of promoting public engagement with and for science have been practised through an enabling policy framework. The European Union’s focus on Responsible Research & Innovations (RRI) has integrated several such features. There is now a growing recognition to synergise knowledge production and dissemination on such critical issues as the environment, health and food systems. A large portion of which is being carried out on the ground by a host of civil society actors in the country through community-based participatory research  with the partnerships of academics with local communities.

Event Details

Date: 25 November 2021

Time: 3.30 pm to 5.30 pm (IST)

Meeting link: https://zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_RZt26NOxT5ubKz2dASotww

Relevance of Philosophy of Science for Science Policy

Relevance of Philosophy of Science for Science Policy

 

Relevance of Philosophy of Science for Science Policy

24th November, 2021  at  4:00 PM to 6:00 PM IST
Abstract

 Science policy depends crucially on what we mean and understand by science. Science and Technology Studies (STS) today is a much professionalised discipline drawing upon other fields such as history of science, philosophy of science and sociology of science. STS offers a deeper understanding of the nature of science and technology, its relation to society and politics, the uniqueness of its social processes and so on. All of this matters deeply to science policy. In this talk, he will be discussing the insights we can take from a philosophy of science approach to the nature of science and the implications of it for science policy, especially for a country like ours. 

About the Speaker

Prof. Sundar Sarukkai

Works primarily in the philosophy of the natural and the social sciences. He is the founder of Barefoot Philosophers (www.barefootphilosophers.org) and is currently a Visiting Faculty at the Centre for Society and Policy, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. He is the author of the following books: Translating the World: Science and Language, Philosophy of Symmetry, Indian Philosophy and Philosophy of Science, What is Science?, JRD Tata and the Ethics of Philanthropy, Philosophy for Children, and two books co-authored with Gopal Guru – The Cracked Mirror: An Indian Debate on Experience and Theory and Experience, Caste and the Everyday Social. He is the Co-Chief Editor of the Springer Handbook of Logical Thought in India as well as the Series Editor for the Science and Technology Studies Series, Routledge.
Event Details
Date: 24th November, 2021 
Time: 4:00 PM to 6:00 PM (IST)
Location: Seminar Hall, Centre for Society and Policy (CSP), IISc
Registration to join in-person
Join Event Online

Certificate Programme Participatory Science Advice for Policy Making

Certificate Programme Participatory Science Advice for Policy Making

 

Certificate Programme: ‘Participatory Science Advice for Policy Making’

On 11th & 14th December 2021,  Time 10:00 AM to 01:00 PM IST  
Abstract

The Department of Science and Technology’s Centre for Policy Research (DST-CPR) at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore in conjunction with the Science Policy Forum and Global Young Academy is organising a virtual two-day certificate program titled “Participatory Science Advice for Policy Making” funded under the INGSA-Asia Grassroots Science Advice Promotion Awards 2021. STEM Scientists and academicians from South Asia will learn about the role of Science Advice in national policymaking through the example of India’s new Science Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP).

Workshop description

The COVID-19 pandemic brought to the fore our dependence on scientific research and technological innovation to develop quick and effective solutions. The timely need for vaccines is reflected in other global issues which have ticking clocks. The call for climate action is another such example that this month’s COP26 shone a light on. While each global issue requires unique scientific and technological developments they are undoubtedly aided by a structured plan of action. This is where the need for a well-oiled evidence-driven science-policy mechanism backed by robust scientific advice steps in. 

A sustainable recovery path requires scientists to play a significant role in educating policymakers and the public. Only through evidence-based research and its communication can comprehensive and effective policies be formulated. Therefore, bridging the gap that exists between these two parties is essential.

1. The policymakers who make key decisions on funding patterns and allocation of resources.

2. The researchers and academicians who work at the grassroots of the STI ecosystem.

We know the first one well. The second is what this workshop aims to empower.

Through open conversations on science policy and the tools of advocacy, workshop attendees will be equipped to contribute to the larger government science advice mechanism.  

The workshop will focus on how it was grassroots science advice that played an integral role in formulating two chapters of the STIP, ‘Open Science’ and ‘Science Communication and Public Engagement’. Through lectures, open conversations with experts and practical activities, attendees will understand the value of Science Advice for STEM stakeholders (scientists, researchers and academicians) in promoting effective policy change. Attendees will also be equipped with the various tools required to develop the skills needed to create evidence-based policy changes. Attendees would test their newfound knowledge through a concluding policy memo contest where the most effective memo would be awarded. Finally, the workshop would create a network of empowered young scientists and academicians to drive the science advice mechanism from the grassroots up. 

Organising Team

Dr. Jenice Jean GoveasDr. Moumita Koley (Recipients of INGSA- Asia grant for the promotion of grassroots Science Advice and Postdoctoral Fellows, DST-CPR, IISc)

Dr. Karishma Kaushik (Global Young Academy- Science Diplomacy in South Asia Working group Project Leader)

Dr. Chagun Basha (Founder, Science Policy Forum)

Aishwarya Viswamitra (Intern)

Event Details
From: 04/12/2021 10:00 am (IST)
To: 11/12/2021 1:00 pm (IST)
Location: Online
Registration Deadline
24/11/2021
Registration

Rahul Patil

Rahul Patil

Rahul Patil

Young Policy Professional

Cohort- 2021

Background:

Rahul is currently a Science Technology Innovation Policy Fellow at the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, New Delhi and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore. He pursued masters in medicinal chemistry from the Department of Chemistry, University of Pune, Pune, a post-graduate diploma in patinformatics from CSIR/Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, Pune and a post-graduate diploma in patent law from the Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad.

He facilitates Center-State and inter-Ministerial coordination for science and technology in India and National Mission on Quantum Technologies and Applications. His recent contributions include the projects – Intellectual Property Models for Accelerating Sustainability Transitions (IPACST) funded by NORFACE and Belmont Forum; data economics and policy (DataKaveri) funded by IUDX, MoHUA and Omidyar Network India. He also practised a fellowship at the CSIR Unit for Research and Development of Information Products (URDIP), Pune. He contributed to the projects – Intellectual Property Evaluation and Commercialisation (IPEC) and Informatics for Drug-repurposing and Rescue Discover (IDrRD) at URDIP.

Research Interests:

Rahul is interested in intellectual property (IP) management and data governance. He explores IP informatics in pharmaceuticals, IP models accelerating sustainability transitions, and non-personal data policy frameworks.

 

Sumya Pathak

Sumya Pathak

Sumya Pathak

SENIOR POLICY FELLOW

Cohort- 2021

Background:

Sumya’s work is focus on innovation strategies to globalize traditional Indian system of medicine. Sumya is workingon framework for comparative strategies on legal regulations (with reference of China, EU andUSA) and innovation on international market for TM, to propose solutions that can help facilitatethe internationalization of TM of India and strengthening the patent regime for the future. Earlier she worked as DST STI Post-doctoral Policy fellow in DST- Centre for Policy research at BBAU Lucknow, U.P. on ‘Internationalization of Traditional Indian medicine:Strengthening patent regime, Strategies and Modulation of policy’.

She earned her PhD inBotany jointly from CSIR- National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow and Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi.She has been awarded with various national fellowships including CSIR JRF/SRFship, DST-SERB NPDF, Biocare Women Scientist and UGC- DS Kothari- Post Doctoral Fellowship. In herPh.D. research work, attempts have been made to elucidate papaverine biosynthesis pathwayfrom Opium Poppy. She has also contributed in development of Neem Genome Database. She haspublished several publications in international repute, and got best research paper award in six international conferences.

Research Interests:

Traditional Medicine System
Health Diplomacy
Internationalization of AYUSH system: Policy Studies
Medicinal Plant Policy
Indigenous Technology and Indigenization
Science Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP)

Publication:

Mishra BK, Pathak S, Sharma A, Trivedi PK, Shukla S (2010) Modulated gene expression in newly synthesized autotetraploidof Papaversomniferum L. South African Journal of Botany, 76, 447–452.(I.F. 2.0)

Pathak S, Mishra BK, Misra P, Misra P, Joshi VK, Shukla S, Trivedi PK (2012) High frequency somatic embryogenesis, regeneration and correlation of alkaloid biosynthesis with gene expression in Papaversomniferum. Plant Growth Regulation, 68, 17–25.(I.F. 2.972)

Pathak S, Lakhwani D, Gupta P, Mishra BK, Shukla S, Asif MH, Trivedi PK (2013) Comparative transcriptome analysis using high papaverine mutant of Papaversomniferum reveals pathway and uncharacterized steps of papaverinebiosynthesis. PLoS ONE, 8, e65622. (I.F. 4.234)

Gupta P, Goel R, Pathak S, Srivastava A, Singh SP, Sangwan RS, Asif MH,Trivedi PK (2013) De novo transcriptome sequencing of Withaniasomnifera to identify genes involved in the biosynthesis of tissue-specific withanolides. PLoSONE, 8, e62714.(I.F. 4.234)

Asif MH, Lakhwani D, Pathak S, Bhambhani S, Bag SK, Trivedi PK (2014) Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of the mitogen-activated protein kinase gene family from banana suggest involvement of specific members in different stages of fruit ripening. Functional and Integrative Genomics. March 2014, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 161–175.(I.F.3.37)

Agarwal P*, Pathak S*,Lakhwani D, Gupta P, Asif MH, Trivedi PK (2015) Comparative analysis of transcription factor gene families from Papaversomniferum: identification of regulatory factors involved in benzylisoquinolinealkaloid biosynthesis.Protoplasma. DOI. 10.1007/s00709-015-0848-8 (I.F.3.356)

M H Asif, D Lakhwani, S Pathak, P Gupta, S K Bag, P Nath, and PrabodhKumar Trivedi (2014) Transcriptome analysis of ripe and unripe fruit tissue of banana identifies major metabolic networks involved in fruit ripening process. BMC Plant biology.14, 316.(I.F. 4.215)

P Agarwal, S Pathak, R S Kumar, YV Dhar, A Pandey, S Shukla, PK Trivedi (2019) 3′O‑Methyltransferase, Ps3′OMT, from opium poppy: involvement in papaverine biosynthesis. Plant Cell Reports. DoIhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00299-019-02439-5

(I.F. 3.1)

Agarwal, P., Pathak, S., Kumar, R. Shankar, Dhar, Y. Vikram, Shukla, S., Asif, M. Hasan, & Trivedi, P. Kumar. (2020). Short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase, PsDeHase, from opium poppy: putative involvement in papaverine biosynthesis. Plant cell, tissue, and organ culture, 143, 431-440. doi: 10.1007/s11240-020-01930-2 (I.F 2.711)

S Pathak*, R Singh** and S.A. Saraf (2021) COVID -19: An Opportunity to Revamp Pharmacovigilance System (RIS discussion paper:270) 

Book Chapters 

11) S Pathak, AV Agarwal, P Agarwal, PK Trivedi (2019) Secondary Metabolite Pathways in Medicinal Plants: Approaches in Reconstruction and Analysis Molecular Approaches in Plant Biology and Environmental Challenges, 339-364,
(Publisher Springer)

12) S Pathak, AV Agarwal, VC Pandey(2020) Phytoremediation—a holistic approach for remediation of heavy metals and metalloids(2020) Bioremediation of Pollutants, 3-16, (Publisher Elsevier)

 

Saikat Batabyal

Saikat Batabyal

Saikat Batabyal

Young Policy Professional

Cohort-2021

Background:

Saikat is a Policy Fellow working for Centre-State and Inter-ministerial coordination for the purpose of strengthening the Centre-state and Inter-ministerial partnerships and collaboration in STI related areas to the Government of India in association with the Department of Science and Technology, GoI, New Delhi and DST Centre for Policy Research, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. As a part of the STIP Secretariat GoI, he is actively part of intra-departmental coordination mechanism in place to effectively coordinate and create synergy in the division of National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS) of DST and connect them with various line ministries and States for STI policy related work.

Saikat has completed his B.Sc. & M.Sc. in Mathematics from Visva Bharati Central University, West Bengal, India. He was posted as visiting researcher at the Department of Mathematics, Jacobs University of Bremen, Germany. He was appointed as senior scientist at the Department of Mathematics, Alpen Adria University, Klagenfurt, Austria. He submitted his Ph.D. thesis at SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India.

Research Interests:

Research Interest: STI Policy, Technology Studies, Mathematical Modelling, Ecological Modelling, Epidemiology, Spatio-temporal Dynamics, Nonlinear Dynamics

Publication:

1. Saikat Batabyal, COVID-19: Perturbation dynamics resulting chaos to stable with seasonality transmission. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, (SCI, Scopus, Online ISSN: 0960-0779, IF: 5.944), 110772, (2021).

2. Saikat Batabyal, Batabyal, A.: Mathematical computations on epidemiology: A case study of the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). Theory in Biosciences, (SCI, SCIE, Scopus, Online ISSN: 1611-7530, IF: 1.303), 140(2), 123-138, (2021).

3. Saikat Batabyal, Batabyal, A.: Public Healthcare System Capacity During COVID-19: A Computational Case Study of SARS-CoV-2. Health Science Reports, (PubMed, PubMed Central, Scopus, Online ISSN: 2398-8835), Article DOI: 10.1002/hsr2.305, (2021).

4. Saikat Batabyal, Jana, D., Upadhyay R. K.: Diffusion driven finite time blow-up and
pattern formation in a mutualistic preys-sexually reproductive predator system: A comparative study. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, (SCI, Scopus, Online ISSN: 0960-0779, IF: 5.944), 147C, 110929, (2021).

5. Saikat Batabyal, Jana, D., Parshad, R. D., Basheer, A., Upadhyay R. K.: Pattern Formation
in an Explosive Food Chain Model: The case of “Apparent” Mutualism. Eur. Phys. J. Plus (SCI, SCIE, Scopus, Online ISSN: 2190-5444, IF: 3.911), 136, 448 (2021).

6. Saikat Batabyal, Jana, D., Lyu, J., Parshad, R.D.: Explosive predator and mutualistic preys: A comparative study. Physica A (SCI, Scopus, Online ISSN: 0378-4371, IF: 3.263), (2019).

7. Jana, D., Saikat Batabyal, Lakshmanan, M.: Self-diffusion-driven pattern formation in prey–predator system with complex habitat under fear effect. Eur. Phys. J. Plus (SCI, SCIE, Scopus, Online ISSN: 2190-5444, IF: 3.911), 135, (2020).

8. Banerjee, D., Saikat Batabyal: Hyper relative order (p, q) of entire functions. Annals of West University of Timisoara – Mathematics and Computer Science (Online ISSN: 1841-3307), 2, (2017), 65- 84.

Rohan Malhotra

Rohan Malhotra

Rohan Malhotra

Young Policy Professional

cohort-2021

Background:

Rohan Malhotra is working as a Young Policy Professional with DST-CPR IISc Bangalore. Presently, he is hosted at DST Government of India, New Delhi.

He has done his B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering from Chandigarh Engineering College and further pursued Masters in International Studies from Symbiosis School of International Studies, Pune. Post that he has worked with Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (MP-IDSA) in the Strategic Technologies Centre as a Research Intern, studying the various aspects of Military Technologies.

Rohan also holds an experience of working in the International Security scenario as a Geopolitical Risk Analyst with MitKat Advisory Services Pvt. Ltd. Mumbai. Post that, he also had a stint with setting up an organization named ISERDIndia and went on to create an impact in the Indian Startup ecosystem with getting it a DPIIT recognition and also started a research and analyses wing named iRaw (The ISERDIndia Research and Analyses Wing).

Research Interests:

Rohan’s research interests includes studying of strategic technologies from the perspective of geopolitical scenarios. He is more aligned to find the intersection of emerging technologies into the areas that hold strategic importance for India, the technologies of future that will help India reorient its strategic posture. Further, the interests includes focusing on how India’s diplomatic conduct will be reshaped using Science as a tool with a solution oriented practice in key sectors. 

He has been also involved in researching about military technologies and how Nanotechnology coupled with AI, Biotech can help integrate mechanisms to provide a strategic defense to Indian Armed Forces in the hybrid warfare context. Furthermore, his other areas of interests include Waste Management, Cyber/ Digital Diplomacy, Satellite Diplomacy and working on strategic materials in the areas of IoT and smart manufacturing practices. 

In the future, he wanted to work on the strategic importance of Rare Earth Metals and how the modern day diplomacy is centered around these strategic mineral resources, with India’s approach to AatmaNirbharta vis-à-vis increasing potential for rare earth’s mining and production. 

Publication:

Nano Tech: An emerging field in Indian Army’s Strategic Defence
https://www.sspconline.org/index.php/monograph/nano-technology-indian-army-strategic-defence-july-2019

HSLV: Redefining the Future for Satellite Technology https://www.sspconline.org/index.php/opinion-analysis/hslv-redefining-future-satellite-technology-tue-08072018-1200

Perminder Jit Kaur

Perminder Jit Kaur

Perminder Jit Kaur

Senior Policy Fellow

Cohort-2021

Background:

PerminderJit Kaur is a Chemical Engineer working as a Senior Policy Fellow, jointly hosted at the Department of Science and Technology (DST), New Delhi and DST-CPR@IISc, Bangalore. After completing graduation and post-graduation in chemical engineering from Panjab University, Chandigarh, she did her PhD from IIT Delhi and received the “Professor Meera Madan Best PhD Thesis Award”. In her last assignment, she served as an Assistant Professor in the University School of Chemical Technology, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi. The Mentor of Change program of Niti Aayog has given her a platform to inculcate scientific temper among school children.

As a Project Scientist in the Government of India’s Unnat Bharat Abhiyan, she worked on the village development plans. During DST’s women scientist scheme, she scientifically validated traditional bamboo treatment techniques, prepared a technology manual and transferred the technology to bamboo artisans. She works on policy research, managing biomass resources, valorisation of waste materials to achieve sustainable energy and the environment. With one book published on Sustainable Extraction of Metals from Waste Streams (Wiley publisher), 37 research papers and 12 book chapters, she is the Editorial Board Member and Reviewer for many International Journals.

Research Interests:

Perminder’s research interest is to develop a sustainable environment by valorising waste materials, particularly plastic and agricultural waste. She is working on using science, technology, and policy-based interventions to manage waste and generate valuable materials that can serve as a sustainable source of energy

Publications:

Book: 1
“Sustainable metal extraction from waste stream” by Wiley publishers. VCH, ISBN: 978-3- 527- 34755-1, G. Chauhan, Perminder Jit Kaur, K. K. Pant, K.D.P. Nigam.

Publications/Conferences: 37
1. Chitosan and graphene oxide-based nanocomposites for water purification and medical applications: A review, Khandegar V., Kaur P.J.,Channan P., 16 (4), BioResources 2021
2. Management of waste tyres: properties, life cycle assessment and energy generation. Environmental Sustainability (2021). Kaur, P.J.,Kaushik, G., Hussain, C.M. et al.https://doi.org/10.1007/s42398-021-00186-6
3. Efficient Catalytic Mineralisationof Bisphenol-A by Peroxymonosulfate Activated Spinel Nano-ferrites, Mandal, U., Kaur P.J.,Tanwar, R., Kumar, P. (2021) International Online Conference on Nano Materials (ICN 2021) Organised by Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland & Gdansk University of Technology Poland &Wuhan University, China, Kerala (9-11 April2021)
4. Ofloxacin exclusion using novel HRP immobilised chitosan cross-link with graphene-oxide nanocomposite, Suri A., Khandegar, V., Kaur, P.J. (2021), Groundwater for Sustainable Development, Volume 12, February 2021,100515
5. Leveraging microbial wealth from rural resources for environmentally safe food production. Dashora, K., Kaur, P.J, Mishra, M. Fasake, V. (2018) International conference on agriculture and horticulture, Zurich,Switzerland
6. Bamboo availability and utilisation potential as a building material, Kaur, P.J., Forestry research and Engineering Journal, 2018, 2(5),240-242
7. Low cost Technology development for Mass scale Production of Podophylumhexandrum Royale, Kaur, P.J, M. Ojha, K. Dashora, Udiapur Conference Feb2018
8. Waste plastic to bio-diesel, The 3R International Scientific Conference on Material Cycles and Waste Management, 8-10 March 2017, NewDelhi
9. Eco-friendly preservation of bamboo: traditional to modern techniques”, Kaur, P.J.,S.Satya, KK. Pant, S.N.Naik, Bioresources (2016), 11 (4), DOI:10.15376/biores.11.4.Kaur
10. Field investigations of selectively treated bamboo species, Kaur, P.J.,KK.Pant, S. Satya, S.N.Naik, Springer, European Journal of wood and Wood Products, DOI 10.1007/s00107-016- 1055-9, online available, April,2016
11. Bamboo: The Material of Future, Kaur, P.J., S.Satya, K.K.Pant, S.N.Naik, International Journal Series in Multidisciplinary (IJSMR), 2016, 2(2), 27-34
12. Chemical characterisation and decay resistance analysis of Smoke treated bamboo species, Kaur, P.J., K. K. Pant, S. N. Naik, S. Satya, V. Kardam, available online, Springer, European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, DOI: 10.1007/s00107-016-1029-y, March2016
13. Characterisation of commercially important Asian bamboo species, Kaur, P.J., V. Kardam,
K. K. Pant, S. N. Naik, S. Satya, Springer, European Journal of wood and Wood Products, – Springer Publication, January 2016, 74(1), 137-139
14. Eco-Friendly Preservative Treated Bamboo Culm: Compressive Strength Analysis Kaur, P.J., S. Satya, K. K. Pant, S. N. Naik, International Journal of Chemical, Nuclear, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, 2015, 9 (1), 43-46, Presented in London,U.K.
15. Comparison of Decay Resistance of Bamboo Treated with Plant Extracts and Oil Cakes, Kaur, P.J.,K. K. Pant, S. Satya, S. N. Naik, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, Volume 4, Issue 1, January2014
16. Scientific Investigation of Traditional Water Leaching Method for Bamboo Preservation, Kaur, P.J., V. Kardam, K.K. Pant, S. Satya, S.N. Naik, Bamboo science and Culture, The Journal of the American Bamboo Society, 2013, 23(1),27-32
17. Evaluation of decay resistance and fixation ability of catechu and boric acid based preservative for D. strictus bamboo species”, Kaur, P.J., KK. Pant, S. Satya, S.N.Naik,American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) Annual conference held in San Francisco, CA , USA, November 3-8,2013
18. Studies on Effectiveness of Bamboo Traditional Treatment Method “Vikaskardam, KK.Pant, Santosh Satya, Kaur, P.J.,P. Sudhakar published in the proceedings of 13th
19. International conference on “Non-conventional Materials and Technology”, September 22-24,2011, Hunan University, Changsha,China
20. Plant Extracts Based Eco-Friendly Treatment of Bamboo Species For Rural Housing, Kaur, P.J.,KK.Pant, Santosh Satya, S. N. Naik, published in 6th International Engineering and Construction Conference (IECC’6), by American Society for Civil Engineers held on June 28- 30, 2010 in Cairo,Egypt.
21. Study on Effectiveness of Traditional Bamboo Treatment Methods for Rural Housing, Kardam, K.K.Pant, Kaur, P.J, P. Sudhakar, published in 6th International Engineering and Construction, Conference (IECC’6), by American Society for Civil Engineers held on June 28- 30, 2010 in Cairo,Egypt.
22. Physico-chemical characterisation of cattle dung fibre under hydrothermal processes, V.Fasake, Kaur, P.J., Dashora, K., Reserach Square Preprint
23. Removal of Contaminants from Air and Water using Bamboo-based Green Adsorbents, M. Gupta, Kaur, P.J., S. Acharya, A. Jain, Sustainable Environment: Challenges and Opportunities, NIT Jalandhar, Sept 8-9,2021
24. Utilisation of bamboo charcoal for Biomedical Engineering, P. Yadav, Kaur, PJ..,V. Khandegar, A. Jain, Sustainable Environment: Challenges and Opportunities, NIT Jalandhar, Sept 8-9,2021
25. Bamboo for Rural Livelihood: Global to Local Perspectives, on August 31, 2021, Organised by National Institute of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj, North Eastern Regional Office, Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India.
26. Solid waste management in cities, Kaur, P.J.,Organised by IITD Alumni Association & Maharashtra Pollution Control Board, held on October 112020
27. Adsorptive Removal of Cadmium using Agro-residue, C. Tomar, V. Khandegar, Kaur, P.J., ICSISCET 2019, Gwalior, 02-03 November2019
28. Electrochemical treatment for removal of antibiotics from Pharmaceutical effluent,A.Suri,S. Acharya, Kaur, P.J., V. Khandegar, ICSISCET 2019, Gwalior, 02-03 November, 2019
29. Biosorption of Precious Metals from E-waste: Prospects and Challenges, Kaur, P.J.,Garima Chauhan, Geetanjali Kaushik, National conference on Environmental challenges for new India, Organised by Environment and Social Development Association (ESDA), Delhi
30. Fluidised Bed based Pyrolysis process for the production of fuel and value added chemicals from waste car tires, Kaur, P.J.,Geetanjali Kaushik, Environmental Challenges of India (Special Discussion on: Air Pollution & Smog in Delhi – NCR) organised by Environment and Social Development Association (ESDA)and CSIR, December 28,2017,
31. Integration of eco-friendly preservative and traditional knowledge for enhancing the service life of bamboo (a modern engineering material) in Young Scientists Conference as part of India International Science Festival, 4-8 Dec,2015
32. Eco-friendly preservation of bamboo species using tannin of Acacia catechu and Myrobalanterminalia, Perminder jit Kaur, K.K. Pant, S. Satya, S.N. Naik, Full paper accepted for 65th Annual Session of Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers CHEMCON, 27-30 Dec 2012 at NITJalandhar
33. पर्यावरणहितैषीपरिरक्षकभौतिकरासायनिकपरप्रभाव”International Conference- Hindi organised by DRDO and IIT Delhi, published in Jigaysa Journal IIT Delhi, Vol 27-28, 2013, 204-207
34. “भवननिर्माणसामग्रीएवममौसमवैज्ञानिक”, S. Satya, PerminderJitkaur, K.,K. Pant, S.N.Naik, Jigaysa Journal IIT Delhi, Vol-126, 2012.
35. “बांससंरक्षणप्रणालीऔरवैज्ञानिक”,Vikaskardam, K.K.Pant, Santosh Satya, PerminderJit Kaur, Jigyasa, Hindi Journal , IIT Delhi, Vol 25( 2011), 87-91
36. Eco-friendly treatment of bamboo species”in National Conference of Bamboo, organised by AFRI, Jodhpur, March 17, 2010
37. Review of preservation strategies wood, Young scientist conference, organised by MP Council of Science and Technology, Bhopal, Nov 2007.

Book Chapters Technology manual: 12

1. Biomass to liquid fuels: recent trends and techniques in catalytic conversions, Kaur P.J, Praveen Kumar, Shivani Chaturvedi, Biorefinery: A Sustainable Approach for the production of Biomaterials, Biochemicals and Biofuels (accepted for publication)
2. Utilisation of activated carbon obtained from biomass in waste-water treatment, Kaur P.J, Vinita Khandegar, Biorefinery: A Sustainable Approach for the production of Biomaterials, Biochemicals and Biofuels (accepted for publication)
3. Biomedical Applications of Algal Extract -Biosynthesied Silver Nanoparticles, Vinita Khandegar, Kaur P.J., Green and Sustainable Nanotechnology (accepted for publication)
4. Thermal Degradation of Plastic Polymers: Recent Developments, Kaur PJ, Mandal UK, Shah V., in book, Solid Waste Management: Chemical Approaches (accepted for publication) 2021
5. Biomedical applications of some green synthesised metal nanomaterials, in book Green Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications. Kaur P.J, Kaushik G., 2021, eBook ISBN: 9780128236222
6. Adsorptive Removal of Cadmium Using Agro-Residue, Tomar, C., Vinita, K.,Kaur, P.J. In book: Intelligent Computing Applications for Sustainable Real-World Systems, April 2020, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-44758-8_31
7. Properties and Importance of Various Bamboo Species for Multi-Utility Applications”.
Kaur P.J, Pant K.K., Kaushik G In: Sustainable Agriculture, Forest and Environmental Management. Springer, Singapore, June 2019. DOI:10.1007/978-981-13-6830-1_8
8. Ozonze: Applications in the Food Industry”, Singhal P, Kaur PJ, Chaturvedi S., Mechanism and Action, of Phyto-constituents, RPMP Vol. 31, page 169-176
9. Background material on Utility Products and Processes based on Panchgavya, Perminder Jit Kaur, Anushree Malik, January 2017
10. Technology manual of Bamboo Preservation, published by Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) (both Hindi, English), March 2015
11. Green remediation of soil, using composting technique, Royal Society of Chemistry, The Handbook of Environmental Remediation, DOI:10.1039/9781788016261-00254, In book: The Handbook of Environmental Remediation: Classic and Modern Techniques. Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
12. Land farming: a green remediation technique, Royal Society of Chemistry, The Handbook of Environmental Remediation, DOI: 10.1039/9781788016261-00357. In book: The Handbook of Environmental Remediation: Classic and Modern Techniques. Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

Nidhi Singh

Nidhi Singh

Nidhi Singh

Senior Policy Fellow

cohort-2021

Background:

Nidhi’s specialisation is on Biomedical Innovation System of the country with a special focus on Emerging Technological Innovation System. Prior to joining, DST-CPR-IISc, she worked as Scientist C, at Department of Health Research- (DHR) and Indian Council of Medical Research- (ICMR), Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, during (July 2017- September 2021). Here, she was the member of COVID response team constituted at ICMR during the pandemic and also involved in the scientific evaluation and monitoring of institute’s funded research projects. She also worked as Research Associate at the Institute for Studies in Industrial Development (ISID), ICSSR, New Delhi, during (2013-2016), and as Research Assistant at the National Institute of Science Technology and Development Studies (NISTADS), CSIR, New Delhi, during (2009-2012). During her tenure at both ISID and NISTADS, she got the opportunities to assist research projects funded by World Health Organization (WHO, India), Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), National Health Systems Resource Centre (NHSRC). She has obtained her PhD degree from the Centre for studies in Science Policy, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. All these experiences enabled her to study and learn different aspects of science policy.

Research Interests:

Nidhi’s research interest revolves around the discipline of Science Technology and Innovation Studies to understand the social dynamics of technologies specifically the healthcare and biomedical technologies. The major focus of her research is to develop a better understanding of interface between science, technology and society in order to drive the Technological Innovations towards the needs through effective mobilization of the resources as well as optimal utilization of innovation system building activities.

Her present work “Emerging Biomedical Innovation System and its Issues and challenges” facilitates the contribution towards the development of Socially Responsible Innovation System Framework. This helps in analyzing the development and diffusion of biomedical innovations and their effective use in clinical practices for addressing the country’s specific needs.

Publication:

Nidhi Singh and Kirti Tyagi (2020), “Development of ‘TrueNat’ Innovation System in India for detection of Tuberculosis and COVID-19: A System Based Perspective. Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS) – Discussion Paper Series- 257, 1-28.

Pramod Kumar Prajapati and Nidhi Singh (2019), “Malaria Innovation System in India: A System Based Analysis”; International Journal of Applied and Universal Research, Volume VI, Issue VI, Dec, 2019

Dinesh Abrol, AmitavaGuha, Rollins John, Nidhi Singh (2019), “India’s Domestic Pharmaceutical Firms and Their Contribution to National Innovation System- building”, Economic & Political Weekly, Vo11IV no 34, August 31, 2019, 34-43.

Singh Nidhi, & Abrol, D. (2017), ‘In-vitro diagnostics (IVDs) innovations for resource-poor settings: The Indian experience’. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 9(5), 617-636.

Dinesh Abrol and Nidhi Singh (2016), “Post-TRIPS Contribution of Domestic Firms to Pharmaceutical Innovation in India: An Assessment”; International Journal of South Asian Studies: A Biannual Journal of South Asian Studies; Vol.9, No.2,2016, 155-204.

Dinesh Abrol, Sivakami Dhulap, Malini Aisola, Nidhi Singh, (2016), “Pharmaceuticals, Product Patent & TRIPS implementation”. Institute for Studies in Industrial Development (ISID) Working Paper Series –191, 1-42.

Dinesh Abrol and Nidhi Singh (2016), “PostTRIPS Contribution of Domestic Firms to Pharmaceutical Innovation in India: An Assessment”. Institute for Studies in Industrial Development (ISID) Working Paper Series –189, 1-50.

Nidhi Singh and Dinesh Abrol (2014),”Challenge of in-vitro diagnostics for resource poor settings: An Assessment” Institute for Studies in Industrial Development (ISID) Working Paper Series –166, 1-31.

Abrol Dinesh, Prajapati Pramod, and Singh Nidhi (2013), Innovation patterns, limits to learning and the pathway of neoliberal Globalisation: Evidence from Indian pharmaceutical multinationals. International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development 2, 6(1-2), 102-135.

Dinesh Abrol, Pramod Prajapati and Nidhi Singh (2011), “Globalization of the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry: Implication for Innovation”. International Journal of Institutions & Economics; Vol.3, No.2,327-365.

Dinesh Abrol, Pramod Prajapati and Nidhi Singh (2011), “Economic Reforms and Pharmaceutical Production and Innovation in India”; Rising Powers and Global Standards Network; www.risingpowers.net/node/46.

Book Chapters

Nidhi Singh and Dinesh Abrol (2020), “In-Vitro diagnostics innovation for resource poor settings: The Indian Experiences” Swapan Kumar Patra and Mammo Muchie (Eds) Science Technology and Innovation in BRICS Countries”, Routledge.

Dinesh Abrol and Nidhi Singh (2018), “Indian Pharmaceutical Industry: Policy and Institutional Challenges of Moving from Manufacturing Generics to Drug Discovery”, in Nathan, D., Tewari, M., & Sarkar, S. (Eds.) (2018). Development with global value chains: Upgrading and innovation in Asia. Cambridge University Press.

Dinesh Abrol, Pramod Prajapati and Nidhi Singh (2014), “Recent Trends in India’s Pharmaceutical Innovation” in Sakthivel Selvaraj, Dinesh Abrol and K.M. Gopakumar (Eds) “Access to Medicines in India”, Academic Foundation.

Paper Presented in Research Conferences (National/International)

Paper Presented in Research Conferences (National/International)
“Pathways towards the development of Molecular Diagnostics Innovation System in India: Issues and Challenges” in World Conference on Access to Medical Products Achieving the SDGs 2030, 19-21 November 2019, New Delhi.

“Development and Diffusion of Molecular Diagnostics for Health care in India: Role of Industrial Based Actors” in XIV annual international conference of Knowledge Forum 2019, held at the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT Madras (11-13 October 2019).

“Development of Tuberculosis Diagnostics in India: An Innovation System Perspective” in YSI Asia Convening 2019 (Aug 12-14, 2019), Hanoi, Vietnam.

“Role of Industrial Base Actors in the Development of Molecular Diagnostics Innovation System in India: An Empirical Study” in 16th International GLOBELICS conference held at Accra 2018 (24-26 October 2018) on the theme ‘Innovation, Economic Growth and Sustainable Development: Strengthening Institutions for Greater Relevance, Effectiveness and Inclusivity’.

“Economic Liberalisation and the Development of Molecular Diagnostics Industry in India: An Innovation System Perspective” in National Seminar organized by Sikkim University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India (5-6 October 2018) on the theme ‘India after a Quarter Century of Economic Reforms – The Benefits and Costs’.

“Emerging Biomedical Technology and Healthcare System in Developing Economies” 4S SYDNEY Transnational STS: Society for Social Studies of Science annual conference Sydney International Convention Centre (29th August- 1stSeptember 2018).

“Development of Molecular Diagnostics Innovation System in India: Analysis of innovation System Functions” in The Fourth IndiaLICS International Conference (2nd – 4thNovember 2017), Organized by Centre for Studies in Science Policy (CSSP) JNU, Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), National Institute for Science Technology and Development Studies (NISTADS), New Delhi on the theme ‘Innovation for Sustainable Development: Perspectives, Policies and Practices in South Asia’.

“Challenges in development of Molecular Diagnostics Innovation Systems in India” in The Third IndiaLICS International Conference (16th – 18th March 2016), Organized by Centre for Development Studies (CDS), Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala and RIS, New Delhi on the theme ‘Innovation for Sustainable Development’.

“In-vitro diagnostics innovation for resource poor settings: Indian Experience” in 13th International GLOBELICS conference held at Havana Cuba (23rd-25thSeptember 2015) on the theme ‘Innovation to reduce poverty and inequalities for inclusive and sustainable development’.

“TB and Molecular Diagnostics-Case Study in Personalized Medicine” at the King College-JNU Workshop on Biomedical Innovation and the Public, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, March 13–14, 2014.

“Innovation, Intellectual Property Rights and Pharmaceutical Industry: Lessons from India, in National Consultation on “Improving Access; Promoting Innovation” In the context of Universal Health Coverage, WHO and Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras, IIT Research Park Auditorium, Chennai 7-9 August 2014